The Background

Fifty years ago, business computing was dominated by IBM and the Seven Dwarfs. Five of these companies made up what was known as the BUNCH group – Burroughs, Univac, NCR, Control Data and Honeywell – and the other two were RCA and GE. But IBM so dominated computing that its market share exceeded all the others put together. IBM was the original computing Master Brand. GE soon exited, selling to Honeywell, and RCA did the same to Sperry.  Other computer companies of the period included 1-1-binary-001Scientific Data (later becoming part of Xerox), Cray Research (super computers that today would fit inside an iPhone), Digital Equipment Corporation (minicomputers), HP (minicomputers), and Amdahl (cheaper IBM-like mainframes).

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