Socrates’ view of human nature is summed up in the doctrine: to be knowledgeable is to be virtuous. Researchers in artificial intelligence have relied on philosophy (thinking about thinking), in addition to examining smart animals and engineering intelligence in machines. Tech companies like Apple and Google are already trying to build programs capable of reproducing human capabilities to learn and solve problems.

They’re building, as Socrates would say, virtuous machines. A great example is the iPhone 7. The iPhone’s camera has long been a differentiator, but in the most recent iteration Apple has introduced an image signal processor (ISP) enhanced by machine learning.

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