In a 1943 paper, Abraham Maslow introduced a new theory on motivation that has subsequently been called “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.” His premise is that humans demonstrate patterns in motivation ranging from the most basic needs (physiological) through to self-actualization, and that the most basic needs must be fulfilled before someone has the ability to focus on higher-level needs. In other words, someone needs to have food, water and shelter before they are motivated to seek friendship, confidence and achievement.

 

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