By 2018, more than half of users will go to a tablet or smartphone first for all online activities, according to new research from Gartner Inc.

“The use pattern that has emerged for nearly all [users], based on device accessibility, is the smartphone first as a device that is carried when mobile, followed by the tablet that is used for longer sessions, with the PC increasingly reserved for more-complex tasks,” Van Baker, research vice president at Gartner, said in a statement.

“This behavior will adapt to incorporate wearables as they become widely available for users,” Baker said. “As voice, gesture and other modalities grow in popularity with consumers, and as content consumption tasks outweigh content creation tasks, this will further move users away from the PC.”

Also by 2018, more than half of all business-to-employee mobile apps will be created by enterprise business analysts using codeless tools. Conventional mobile application development platforms are rapidly introducing graphical tools for the design of screens, workflow and data sources to reduce the scope of possible projects, the report says.

The use of codeless tools for the quick development of straightforward projects by IT and enterprise business analysts will become an alternative to outsourcing, limiting the use of development partners to more-advanced projects, Gartner says. IT departments that provide clean application programming interfaces for internal applications and also support codeless tools will create a framework that enables and accelerates the growth of reliable digital business, it says.

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