This year promises to be challenging in many ways. Budgets are under close review, and investments will have to be very strongly argued as to how much bang per buck they can provide in full business terms. The IT department will face more intense competition for budget dollars and will be fighting other groups within the business far more than it has been used to - yet IT should be seen as the very platform for survival for many organizations going forward.
But lets start with what is unlikely to continue as it had in the past. Moving forward, large infrastructure projects with little real business case, such as desktop operating system upgrades or enterprise application upgrades to gain a small item of functionality, cannot be cost justified. I am already seeing many of these projects being postponed indefinitely.
So, what types of project are likely to be approved? Anything that can ensure an organizations survival or can enable revenue retention or growth is likely to gain the attention of the business. Although project proposals will need to stress the business case while keeping away from the technology, this should be seen as best practice for any financial climate - not just the bad times.
One area where I see a large possible gain is in managing the basic problems that an organization finds itself up against on a daily basis. Im not talking about the big change issues, such as whether the organization should take over a competitor or whether it should launch a new range of products, but rather simple things like whether a task is being done in an optimal manner, whether there is a cheaper way of doing something or if there may be a fact that is missing for a decision to be made effectively.
Many organizations believe that this is already happening through basic processes. But if it happens at all today, it is far more likely to be through serendipity than planning. For example, consider a large organization of around 10,000 employees. An executive needs to make a decision and uses existing tools to bring together the information believed necessary to make that decision. The organization uses its document management system, intranet and the Internet, along with input from people that the executive knows have knowledge in the area. Great - everything should be fine, and the decision stands a good chance of being solid, yes?
Probably not. First, very little of an organizations information actually gets in to any formal systems such as a document management system or an intranet. Second, the executive is unlikely to know of everyone in a 10,000 employee organization that has information apposite to his or her needs. This approach also tends to neglect those outside of the organization, which also counts against a well considered decision being made.
What if someone has a brilliant idea to solve a problem, but doesnt know that someone else within the organization has that problem? An idea without a problem is worthless. Yet a large organization has, by its very nature, so many problems that it should always be looking for ideas that can be captured - even if they cant be used then and there. Sort of like the old suggestion box, but updated to reflect the modern day (and any system used has to be seen as being correctly utilized, whereas the majority of ideas in suggestion boxes were rarely acted upon by the business).
Technology can help as long as it is grounded on a platform of solid policies and practices. If someone has a problem, he or she should be able to publish that problem in a manner that encourages responses. This means that statements such as "Im looking for a better way to fill in forms" are not a good starting point, whereas "I have five different forms, each of which are around two pages in length that are currently filled in via Microsoft Excel by 10 people per month. I want to make this more effective. Current time taken overall by all concerned is probably in excess of 20 man hours per month, and error rates are around 5 percent" gives more definition to the problem and more details for people with possible ideas to respond to.
This problem can then be published widely, and all ideas associated with it can be gathered and monitored over a predefined period of time. Various tools can be used to do this, including social networking tools and managed team spaces. Once that period of time is over, the problem owner can pull the best ideas together and create a more optimized solution for their problem. If necessary, the problem owner can then fine tune the solution as necessary using the ideas process again until he or she believes that the return on the time invested is no longer worthwhile.
Meanwhile, all the unused ideas can be stored and made available through an easy-to-search database, using associated metadata information to make it easier for other problem holders to find possible solutions.
Such an approach can have massive impact on an organization, driving out low-level but widely replicated costs and removing the day-to-day issues that many employees see as making their lives a misery. This also frees up time and resources for more important major investments.
The year 2009 may be tough, but woe betide any organization that makes it worse for themselves by just taking the knee-jerk response of cutting costs here, there and everywhere without looking to how competitiveness will be impacted. By taking a positive approach to problem management, large savings can be made while flexibility, responsiveness and competitiveness can all be improved.
Quocirca has a published a paper on this subject, which is available for free download here.
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