The Internet of Things (IoT) will drive device and user relationship requirements in 20% of new identity and access management (IAM) implementations by year-end 2016, according to Gartner Inc.

The IoT has introduced new concepts for identity management, because every device interacting with users has an identity, and users and devices can have complex, yet defined, relationships, the firm says.

"IAM, as defined today, will bifurcate, with identity management assuming a broader entity relationship management role and access management assuming a broader relationship execution role that replaces or supplements authentication policy and authorization enforcement," Earl Perkins, research vice president at Gartner, said in a statement.

"Traditional authentication and authorization for user identities will continue to include devices and services, but will also incorporate expanded machine-to-machine (M2M) communications requirements into expanding digital business moments,” Perkins said. “Embedded software and systems will make extensive use of the new and expanded IAM architecture to handle the scale and ubiquity requirements the IoT will demand."

By 2017, Gartner predicts, enterprise mobility management integration will be a critical IAM requirement for 40% of buyers, up from less than 5% today. And by 2020, 60% of organizations will use active social identity proofing and let consumers bring in social identities to access risk-appropriate applications.

In another prediction, the firm says by 2020 new biometric methods will displace passwords and fingerprints for access to endpoint devices across 80% of the market.

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