Innovations in user interface (UI) technologies and machine learning are transforming human-machine interaction, according to a new study by Frost & Sullivan.

Key enabling technologies such as gesture recognition, image recognition and natural language processing are helping to boost customer experience, the report says. It says the evolution of innovative UI technologies and applications is taking human-machine interaction to new heights. Present-day UI tools have moved beyond the concept of just representing machines to users to enabling sophisticated interaction, the firm notes. These technologies have facilitated the successful transformation from traditional text- and graphics-based UIs to touch, touchless and voice-guided innovations.

The future of UIs will largely rely on touchless, hands-free operations. Technologies such as gesture recognition, image recognition and natural language processing (NLP) will be increasingly used to design accessible UIs that allow secure, reliable and touchless interactions.

“UI technologies are already radically simplifying the way humans interact with machines,” Debarun Guha Thakurta, senior research analyst at Frost & Sullivan, said in a statement. “Moreover, innovations in these technologies are facilitating the transition to an age of smart devices by making effortless and successful interactions with machines possible."

Currently, the main focus among UI innovators is to overcome challenges pertaining to efficiency, conciseness, intelligence, responsiveness and attractiveness, the report says. Efforts are focused toward the development of UIs that are simple, accurate, clear, consistent and user-friendly for carrying out complex interactions.

“Technologies such as NLP, computer vision, machine learning and cloud computing could converge to fuel innovations aimed at improving the way humans interact with machines,” Thakurta said. “With the accelerating trend of making intelligent machines that can think and learn like humans, UIs that interact exactly like humans will soon surface.”

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