Last year was a significant year for many scientists and Antarctic enthusiasts around the globe, marking the 100th anniversary of the discovery of the geographic South Pole by Roald Amundsen in December 1911 and by Robert Falcon Scott several weeks later.

Success in reaching the South Pole was the culmination of years of their own trials, as well as previous explorations by others who paved the way with new geological discoveries, polar survival techniques and scientific research. Expedition leaders, scientists, experienced sea captains and their crews persevered under extreme conditions to create a better understanding of this undiscovered continent on numerous levels, including its wildlife, vegetation, impact on the global climate and its past and present relationships with other land masses.

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