Anyone who has ever had a statistics course will hopefully remember the mantra of our professors regarding correlation between two or more factors — “correlation does not equal causation.”

For those of you fortunate enough to have avoided statistics in your studies, this simply means that even though two things occur in the same period of time or with the same frequency, we cannot necessarily say that one causes the other to occur. So if I slap on some coconut sunscreen at the beach and am stung by a bee (two events), I may conclude that bees are attracted, or even angered, by coconut sunscreen. As a result, I switch to the unscented sunscreen.

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