Information Management's Glossary


Packaged analytic applications
Value-added solutions embedding knowledge of the process and expressing specific metrics for a given set of business functions based on industry best practices.

The ability to perform functions in parallel.

Splitting of target data into smaller units.

Measurable outcomes relative to stated goals.*

Performance accountability
Assuming responsibility for achieving goals and disclosing present and future variances against those goals.*

Performance alert
A performance alert is notification via email, portal or wireless device of a key trend or business event (such as a customer or supply chain activity) that is associated with a goal.

Performance management
Performance management links strategy with corporate objectives in ways that make the best use of a company's resources by coordinating the efforts of every member of the organization.

Performance scorecarding
A strategic management process designed to translate an organization's mission statement and overall business strategy into specific, quantifiable goals and to monitor the organization's performance in terms of achieving those goals. Performance scorecarding analyzes an organization's overall performance - not just financial returns - so that future performance can be predicted and proper actions taken to create the desired future.

Performance-accountable organization
An organization that delivers continuous performance improvement and accountability in all of its activities, from all of its managers, across the enterprise. When an organization is truly performance-accountable, CEOs and CFOs can report openly and comprehensively on performance and set expectations with confidence.*

Persistent data
Data that outlasts the execution of a particular program provides the records of the enterprise and is available for reuse.

Pervasive computing
A ubiquitous, wireless, always-on, networked world.

Planned downtime
Scheduled, usually duration-fixed loss of computing-system usage due operations (such as database backups), maintenance (such as database file modifications or application work) and periodic events (such as hardware/software/operating-system upgrades or disaster recovery testing).

Any base of technologies on which other technologies or processes are built and operated to provide interoperability, simplify implementation, streamline deployment and promote maintenance of solutions.

See data loading and data replication.

A Web site that is the first place people visit when using the Web. Typically, a portal site has a catalog of sites, a search engine or both. A portal site may also offer email and other services to entice people to use that site as the main point of entry or portal to the Web. Portals are designed to be the "front door" through which a user accesses links to relevant sites.

Portfolio management
The budgetary funding mechanism for all business intelligence (BI) projects. It includes all BI projects and all the reporting and analysis projects funded in an enterprise.

Predictive analytics
Methods of directed and undirected knowledge discovery, relying on statistical algorithms, neural networks and optimization research to prescribe (recommend) and predict (future) actions based on discovering, verifying and applying patterns in data to predict the behavior of customers, products, services, market dynamics and other critical business transactions.

Predictive customer relationship management (CRM)
The discipline of getting to know your customers by performing complex analysis on data about them.

Primary key
A column or combination of columns whose values uniquely identify a row or record in the table. The primary key(s) will have a unique value for each record or row in the table.

Process management
A set of functions supporting the definition of inter- related process steps and the management of their execution across a variety of hardware and software platforms; used mainly by data replication.

Product architecture
One of the four layers of an information systems architecture. It describes standards to be followed in each portion of the technical architecture and vendor-specific tools and services to apply in developing and running applications.

Production data
Source data which is subject to change. It is a data capture system, often on a corporation's mainframe

Program management office (PMO)
Effort to manage an organization in a cross-functional manner which includes prioritizing projects, distributing funding, communicating to various stakeholders, and measuring ROI and marketing efforts throughout the enterprise.

Project management/development
Application of good business, project and quality principles to various situations.

Propagated data
Data that is transferred from a data source to one or more target environments according to propagation rules. Data propagation is normally based on transaction logic.

A set of conventions that govern the communications between processes. Protocol specifies the format and content of messages to be exchanged.

Public key infrastructure (PKI)
Public-key infrastructure is the combination of software, encryption technologies and services designed to protect the security of communications and business transactions on the Internet.

Physical data modeling
Physical data modeling is similar to design class modeling, the goal is to design the internal schema of a database by depicting the data tables, the data columns of those tables and the relationships between the tables.